High frequency traders and asset prices
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Outcomes may include such as disease onset, disease presence (diagnosis), disease progression (prognosis), and death. Reliable estimates of such factor-outcome associations are essential, certainly when they are meant to be causal, to properly guide public health initiatives and clinical practice for informing diagnosis and prognosis.